plant nutrition and deficiencies

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This paper is an overview of all essential elements needed for proper plant growth and nutrition. It also outlines common deficiency and excess symptoms of these elements.

nutrient antagonism

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This paper is an overview of how nutrients can cause deficiencies when one is in excess. It explores whether there is such thing as “too much of a good thing.”

water quality

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Water quality is one of the most important factors affecting plant growth, as unwanted components in water can interfere with nutrient availability and uptake by the plant. When improving your grow operation, water should be one of the key areas evaluated. Even with a filter in place, problems may still arise if quality is not closely monitored. In this paper, …

recirculating hydroponics

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Hydroponic crop production has many benefits over traditional, soil-based farming. Increased water conservation, reduced fertilizer use and enhanced disease control are just a few of the reasons many farmers may choose a closed-loop, hydroponic cultivation operation. While the convenience of automatic plant watering and increased resource conservation make hydroponic systems attractive, recirculating systems require very specific management protocols to ensure …